The hip is a ball and socket joint which allows for ease of motion and flexibility. However, this type of joint is also highly susceptible to wear and tear, resulting in a common condition known as osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis, or degenerative arthritis, occurs when the cartilage cushioning the joint wears down, resulting in pain and stiffness. The condition is most common in the hips and knees and due to its degenerative nature, symptoms will only worsen with time. For patients who have significant wear and tear and associated symptoms, a hip replacement may become the only feasible treatment option.
Partial Hip Replacement
Of the two hip replacement options, partial hip replacements is less common. Surgeons will typically only opt for this particular procedure when faced with specific patient factors such as an elderly individuals with limited mobility or who have suffered a fracture to the neck of the femur. During the procedure, only the ball component of the hip joint is replaced, making it a much quicker surgery. The prosthetic femoral head and stem is comprised of metal and ceramic and typically uses a ball-in-ball design to provide greater stability and mobility.
Total Hip Replacement
Total hip replacements are a far more common procedure. In these instances, both the ball and socket components of the joint are replaced with artificial pieces. By replacing both pieces, future stress on the remaining natural socket and any associated pain and complications can be avoided. With a successful total hip replacement, patients can resume a fully active lifestyle with ease and reasonably expect the replacement to function highly for 20 years or more.
Joint Replacement Surgery at Lane
In association with the Baton Rouge Orthopedic Clinic, Lane brings the area’s best orthopedic surgeons to Zachary area patients. These renowned physicians can provide expert care for any orthopedic condition, including osteoarthritis of the hip and the need for hip replacement.